The Cavalieri Ottolenghi Foundation comes from a legacy to the University of Turin of Annetta Cavalieri Ottolenghi, a noblewoman from Turin who lived for a long time in Rome.
Deeply affected by the tragedy of mental illnesses, of which she had examples in her family, Lady Cavalieri Ottolenghi decided to devote all her belongings to the University of Turin, with the clause - contained in her last will of November 17, 1957 - that the funds we re destined to the study of physical and chemical bases and treatment of mental insanity.
Following her death y, which took place May 5, 1958, it took many years to verify the real and personal properties of the will, to define the procedures and the arrangements of the transfer to the University of Turin and - not least - the use of the amount and its income.
The Executive Board of the University of Turin decided that a Foundation could best protect the last will of Annetta Cavalieri Ottolenghi. Therefore the Foundation was established, appointing as first President the Rector of the University of Turin Mario Umberto Dianzani, to whom the following Rectors of the University of Turin succeeded.